FBI director James Comey, above, has responded to an open letter from Apple CEO Tim Cook with one of his own, which argues that unlocking the iPhone that was used by a San Bernardino gunman would not set a dangerous precedent for the future.
Instead, Comey insists it is about justice for the victims who lost their life or were seriously injured during the attack. "We owe them a thorough and professional investigation under law," he writes. "The American people should expect nothing less from the FBI."
Contrary to what Cook and Apple believe, Comey suggests the legal issue here "is actually quite narrow." The FBI doesn't want to spy on innocent individuals without their knowledge; it just wants to "guess the terrorist's passcode without the phone essentially self-destructing."
"Maybe the phone holds the clue to finding more terrorists. Maybe it doesn't," Comey adds. "But we can't look the survivors in the eye, or ourselves in the mirror, if we don't follow this lead."
Comey's letter comes less than a week after a judge asked Apple to help the FBI unlock an iPhone belonging to Syed Rizwan Farook, one of the shooters. Cook responded to that request with an open letter that warned creating a backdoor in iOS would put users at risk.
Apple is now fighting against the FBI to ensure to privacy and security of iOS users around the world — and it's a fight that's likely to rage on for some time.
You can read Comey's full letter below.
"The San Bernardino litigation isn't about trying to set a precedent or send any kind of message. It is about the victims and justice. Fourteen people were slaughtered and many more had their lives and bodies ruined. We owe them a thorough and professional investigation under law. That's what this is. The American people should expect nothing less from the FBI.
The particular legal issue is actually quite narrow. The relief we seek is limited and its value increasingly obsolete because the technology continues to evolve. We simply want the chance, with a search warrant, to try to guess the terrorist's passcode without the phone essentially self-destructing and without it taking a decade to guess correctly.
That's it. We don't want to break anyone's encryption or set a master key loose on the land. I hope thoughtful people will take the time to understand that. Maybe the phone holds the clue to finding more terrorists. Maybe it doesn't. But we can't look the survivors in the eye, or ourselves in the mirror, if we don't follow this lead.
Reflecting the context of this heart-breaking case, I hope folks will take a deep breath and stop saying the world is ending, but instead use that breath to talk to each other. Although this case is about the innocents attacked in San Bernardino, it does highlight that we have awesome new technology that creates a serious tension between two values we all treasure: privacy and safety.
That tension should not be resolved by corporations that sell stuff for a living. It also should not be resolved by the FBI, which investigates for a living. It should be resolved by the American people deciding how we want to govern ourselves in a world we have never seen before.
We shouldn't drift to a place—or be pushed to a place by the loudest voices—because finding the right place, the right balance, will matter to every American for a very long time.
So I hope folks will remember what terrorists did to innocent Americans at a San Bernardino office gathering and why the FBI simply must do all we can under the law to investigate that.
And in that sober spirit, I also hope all Americans will participate in the long conversation we must have about how to both embrace the technology we love and get the safety we need."